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How does a Peel work

Updated: Mar 17

Many people are aware that undergoing a Peel treatment can help exfoliate the skin, leading to improved texture, tone, and reduction in fine lines and acne. However, the science behind how this works may seem like a mystery to many.

The skin is made up of multiple layers of the epidermis and dermis, which provide crucial protection against external aggressors, maintain internal temperature, and prevent dehydration. The skin cells within these layers undergo a cycle from inner to outer layers, becoming filled with Keratin and eventually turning into “dead cells” that are held together by microscopic fibers called Tonofilaments. Over a 4-6 week rejuvenation cycle, the glue eventually breaks, allowing the dead cells to drop off and new cells to develop. By accelerating this process through Peeling treatments, we can achieve a more youthful complexion, clear out bacteria more quickly, and improve skin texture and tone.

Peeling products typically contain mild levels of acids, such as Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA), Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA), and Lactic Acids. Depending on the type and duration of the treatment, these acids can seep into the many layers of the epidermis (and even the dermis with strong peels) to dissolve the glue holding the dead cells together, resulting in quicker shedding of the outer layer of skin. However, deeper peels require more “down-time,” as the skin can become red, irritated, and flaky for a week or two after the treatment. Mild peels are recommended to reduce side effects and long-term damage to the skin.

At Elana Jade, we use Ilcsi skincare line for our Peeling facial. They use a combination of lactic and citric acids as the AHA, derived from apple, naseberry, sage, and lemongrass. After applying the peeling product, we also apply another product made from hot paprika, St John’s Wort sage, mallow, and lemon oil to enhance absorption and improve its effects. This combination of ingredients stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, evens out skin tone, improves wrinkles, acne, pigmentation, and photo-damaged skin, and provides the skin with essential vitamins, trace elements, phytoestrogen, and minerals.

To achieve the same benefits of a medium-strength peel, we recommend performing the treatment every week for four weeks. This way, the skin has enough time in its cycle to regenerate new cells, allowing the peel to reach deeper layers with each treatment. This method also helps “educate” new cells forming underneath the skin, so they mimic the cells in the outermost layers for a more even and youthful appearance. There is no downtime with our Peeling facial, and most people only experience a slight redness for up to four hours after the treatment.

When choosing a peel, look for a certified organic product made from pure ingredients that do not contain preservatives, stabilizers, and solvents like alcohol, as these can weaken the product’s effectiveness.

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